First Aid

NI Direct

First aid can treat all sorts of minor bumps and scrapes, but you should see a doctor for more serious accidents. You may want to think about getting a first aid kit for your house or training in first aid so that you are prepared to deal with minor accidents.

First aid kits

Your first aid kit could include:

  • plasters
  • bandages
  • safety pins or tape
  • pain relievers (paracetamol or aspirin) - always read the label and follow the instructions for use very carefully - there are special child versions available
  • medical spoon/syringe for giving babies and children their medicines - these are more accurate and much safer than a teaspoon
  • antiseptic lotion or saline for cleaning wounds
  • cotton wool
  • thermometer
  • tweezers (for splinters)
  • sharp scissors
  • sun block (factor 25 or higher for children)
  • child insect repellent

You may choose to have two kits:

  • a large one that stays at home
  • a smaller emergency kit for when you go out

When to call an ambulance

Here are some situations where it is vital to call an ambulance, although knowing first aid could also help:

  • unconsciousness or slipping in and out of consciousness
  • a suspected stroke
  • heavy blood loss
  • suspected broken bones
  • a deep wound such as a stab wound
  • a suspected heart attack
  • difficulty in breathing
  • severe burns
  • a severe allergic reaction

For more information on first aid training courses, follow the link - www.nidirect.gov.uk.

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